This supports children and young people’s spiritual, moral, social and cultural development. SMSC development is central to promoting children and young people’s participation and understanding of democracy, advancing equality and tackling prejudice and discrimination. It is about ethos and values and covers promoting and developing a culturally inclusive curriculum, encouraging understanding and friendships across different faiths and cultures, and providing a safe space to develop critical thinking skills and counter-narratives that challenge intolerance and extremism.